With over a decade of experiences working in biological water treatment, Agua Inc’s team knows the importance of using the right, high quality biotechnology in installations. That’s why our team is specialized in the selection and production of biotechnology specifically for water treatment and offers a wide selection of proprietary species, customized selections of Agua Inc’s global species collection, special breeding services for local varieties, and custom bacterial inoculations. One of our most important expertise is Macrophyte plants.
Macrophytes have special characteristics making them ideal for application within the ABIS system. Firstly, they have a lower density than water (0.6-0.7), so while the Bio-Matrix flotation hardware is vital to ensure stability, viability and easier maintenance, as they grow larger they do not require additional aid to maintain their buoyancy.
Secondly, as the plants develop they spread and form a dense root structure that aerates the water. It is powered by both photosynthesis and isostatic differential pressures between the air-channels of the plant and the atmosphere (21% Oxygen). This secondary method of aeration due to the plants physiological alveolar type continues to function even during the winter when leaves are dry and the vegetation stops.
Additionally, the aerated root structures becomes an ideal habitant for microorganisms, which breakdown contaminants in the water. They also drastically reduce the number of pathogenic microorganisms due to the presence of predators ( protozoa and bacteriophages ) in the rhizosphere of the plants. Finally, minerals and heavy metals are fixed by the plants in their structure, and components such as phosphorus and nitrates are absorbed directly.
Courtesy of: http://aguainc.com/phytotech/